Study Guide for Chapter 19 - The Industrial Revolution Begins Terms and People to Know
19 pgs. ( 606-611 sec 1)
Anesthetic Jethro Tull Charles “ Turnip” Townshend crop rotation Enclosure movement
Thomas Newcomen steam engine James Watt Abraham Darby smelting
19 pgs. (612-615) Sec 2
Capital enterprise entrepreneurs putting - out system John Kay James Hargreaves
Richard Arkwright Eli Whitney cotton gin factories turnpikes canals George Stephenson The Rocket
Liverpool to Manchester
19 pgs. (616 - 621) Sec 3
Urbanization bourgeoisie tenements labor unions Luddites John Wesley Methodism
James Kay-Shuttleworth factory acts Friedrich Engels The Condition of the Working Class in England
19 pgs. (622 - 631) Sec 4
Thomas Malthus An Essay on the Principle of Population Laissez-Faire economics Adam Smith Wealth of Nations
David Ricardo Principles of Political Economy and Taxation iron law of wages Jeremy Bentham utilitarianism John Stuart Mill
Utopia utopian socialists Robert Owen socialism means of production
Karl Marx Friedrich Engles Communist Manifesto Communism proletariat social democracy
· Describe and explain why the Industrial Revolution began in Great Britain.
· Explain how the Agricultual Revolution led to the Industrial Revolution.
· Descrine and explain the new power sources of steam, and the changes in steel production.
· Explain how transportation and communication improved during the Industral Revolution.
· Explain and describe the benefits and problems of the factory system.
· Describe and explain the changes in production and manufacturing and the formation of large corporations.
· Explain the formation of the first labor movements and social programs to assist workers during the Industrial Revolution.
· Describe and explain the theoris and ideas of Bentham, John Stuart Mill, Malthus, Ricardo, Smith, Owen, and Marx.
· Describe and explain the ideas of socialism acording to Marx and the difference between authoritarian socialism and democratic sociliaism.
1. Explain how the Agricultural revolution helped pave the way for the Industrial Revolution. List and explain the innovations and inventions that led to the Agricultural revolution.
2. Describe the inventions and the causes and effects of the Industrial Revolution. Explain the importance of these inventions and the problems that they caused for workers and the environment. ( Give details, be specific)
3. Explain the theories of three of the following Karl Marx, Jeremy Bentham, Thomas Malthus, David Ricardo, John Stuart Mill, or Robert Owen.