Study Guide for Chapter 19 - The Industrial Revolution Begins      Terms and People to Know

Ch 19 pgs. ( 606-611 sec 1)
Anesthetic   Jethro Tull    Charles “ Turnip” Townshend      crop rotation   Enclosure movement  
Thomas Newcomen   steam engine   James Watt   Abraham Darby  smelting

Ch 19 pgs. (612-615) Sec 2
Capital     enterprise      entrepreneurs    putting - out system   John Kay     James Hargreaves
Richard Arkwright     Eli Whitney    cotton gin    factories    turnpikes       canals       George Stephenson    The Rocket
Liverpool to Manchester  

Ch 19 pgs. (616 - 621) Sec 3
Urbanization   bourgeoisie    tenements      labor unions    Luddites    John Wesley    Methodism
James Kay-Shuttleworth     factory acts    Friedrich Engels    The Condition of the Working Class in England

Ch 19 pgs. (622 - 631) Sec 4
Thomas Malthus   An Essay on the Principle of Population   Laissez-Faire economics   Adam Smith   Wealth of Nations
David Ricardo     Principles of Political Economy and Taxation     iron law of wages    Jeremy Bentham    utilitarianism   John Stuart Mill
Utopia      utopian socialists      Robert Owen       socialism    means of production
Karl Marx       Friedrich Engles     Communist Manifesto        Communism    proletariat     social democracy

·         Describe and explain why the Industrial Revolution began in Great Britain.
·         Explain how the Agricultual Revolution led to the Industrial Revolution.
·         Descrine and explain the new power sources of steam, and the changes in steel production.
·         Explain how transportation and communication improved during the Industral Revolution.
·         Explain and describe the benefits and problems of the factory system.
·         Describe and explain the changes in production and manufacturing and the formation of large corporations.
·         Explain the formation of the first labor movements and social programs to assist workers during the Industrial Revolution.
·         Describe and explain the theoris and ideas of Bentham, John Stuart Mill, Malthus, Ricardo, Smith, Owen, and Marx.
·         Describe and explain the ideas of socialism acording to Marx and the difference between authoritarian socialism and democratic sociliaism.

Essay Questions
1.     Explain how the Agricultural revolution helped pave the way for the Industrial Revolution. List and explain the innovations and inventions that led to the Agricultural revolution.
2.     Describe the inventions and the causes and effects of the Industrial Revolution. Explain the importance of these inventions and the problems that they caused for workers and the environment. ( Give details, be specific)
3.     Explain the theories of three of the following Karl Marx, Jeremy Bentham, Thomas Malthus, David Ricardo, John Stuart Mill, or Robert Owen.