Study Guide for Chapter 18 - The French Revolution and Napoleon        Terms and People to Know

Ch18 Sec1 (Pages 570-577)
Camille Desmoulins  The Revellion    ancien regime  estates  The First Estate  The Second Estate   The Third Estate     bourgeoisie   corvee   Abbe Sieyes   deficit spending    Louis XVI  Jacques Necker     The Estates General     cahiers     The Tennis Court Oath    The Bastille

Ch18 Sec2 (pages 578-584)
The National Assembly    “The Great Fear”  factions    Marquis de Lafayette   The French National Guard
The Tricolor Flag   The Paris Commune     “Liberty, Equality, Fraternity”    Declaration of the Rights of Man
Olympe de Gouges      Declaration of the Rights of Women   The Women’s March on Versailles   Marie Antionette    Tuileries   
Civil Constitution of the Clergy   The Constitution of 1791  Legislative Assembly   departments  emigres    Declaration of Pilnitz    sans-culottes
republic    Jacobins

Ch18 Sec3 (pages 585-591)
Tuileries   September Massacres    National Convention    suffrage  Vendee  Girondins
 Committee of Public Safety    levee en masse   Maximilien Robespierre     “Reign of Terror”   the guillotin   Danton  The Constitution of 1795     The Directory  Napoleon    Nationalism   La Marseillaise     Jacques Louis David   Goya

Ch18 Sec4 (pages 592-605)
Napoleon Bonaparte      Corsica    Toulon    The Consulate    First Consul ( for life)     Emperor of France    plebiscite
The Concordat of 1801     Napoleonic Code    annexed     Confederation of the Rhine
Joseph Bonaparte  Battle of Trafalgar   Admiral Horatio Nelson   Continental System    blockade   Peninsular Wars    guerrilla warfare
The Battle of Austerlitz       Battle of Wagram    Alexander I    scorched-earth policy
Grand Army    Battle of Leipzig      abidicated     Elba    Louis XVIII    The 100  Days  ``Waterloo
Duke of Wellington   General Blucher    St Helena   The Congress of Vienna     Metternich    Czar Alexander 
Lord Castlereigh        Prince Talleyrand    Balance of Power   Holy Alliance   stability   legitimacy    Concert of Europe

Ideas to understand
   What beliefs and attitudes inspired the leaders of the French Revolution?
   How did the French Revolution reshape social and political institutions?
   How did the rise of Napoleon Bonaparte create upheaval across Europe?
   What were the temporary and lasting effects of the French Revolution? 

Essay Questions ( give specific examples to support your statements )
1.     
Describe and explain using chronological order the events and stages of the French Revolution. Explain why the French Revolution turned to violence and eventually a dictatorship. (Be specific and give at least three examples)
2.     
Describe and explain the rise of Napoleon to power in France. Explain some of Napoleons lasting effects and why he is such a significant figure on the historical landscape.
3.     
Describe and explain the events after Napoleon’s losses at Leipzig and Waterloo. Describe the participants and explain the events of the Congress of Vienna. Why did the European leaders want to turn back the clock on representative government?