Study Guide for Chapter 18 - The French Revolution and Napoleon Terms and People to Know
Sec1 (Pages 570-577)
Camille Desmoulins The Revellion ancien regime estates The First Estate The Second Estate The Third Estate bourgeoisie corvee Abbe Sieyes deficit spending Louis XVI Jacques Necker The Estates General cahiers The Tennis Court Oath The Bastille
Sec2 (pages 578-584)
The National Assembly “The Great Fear” factions Marquis de Lafayette The French National Guard
The Tricolor Flag The Paris Commune “Liberty, Equality, Fraternity” Declaration of the Rights of Man
Olympe de Gouges ” Declaration of the Rights of Women The Women’s March on Versailles Marie Antionette Tuileries
Civil Constitution of the Clergy The Constitution of 1791 Legislative Assembly departments emigres Declaration of Pilnitz sans-culottes
Tuileries September Massacres National Convention suffrage Vendee Girondins
Committee of Public Safety levee en masse Maximilien Robespierre “Reign of Terror” the guillotin Danton The Constitution of 1795 The Directory Napoleon Nationalism La Marseillaise Jacques Louis David Goya
Sec4 (pages 592-605)
Napoleon Bonaparte Corsica Toulon The Consulate First Consul ( for life) Emperor of France plebiscite
The Concordat of 1801 Napoleonic Code annexed Confederation of the Rhine
Joseph Bonaparte Battle of Trafalgar Admiral Horatio Nelson Continental System blockade Peninsular Wars guerrilla warfare
The Battle of Austerlitz Battle of Wagram Alexander I scorched-earth policy
Grand Army Battle of Leipzig abidicated Elba Louis XVIII The 100 Days ``Waterloo
Duke of Wellington General Blucher St Helena The Congress of Vienna Metternich Czar Alexander
Lord Castlereigh Prince Talleyrand Balance of Power Holy Alliance stability legitimacy Concert of Europe
• What beliefs and attitudes inspired the leaders of the French Revolution?
• How did the French Revolution reshape social and political institutions?
• How did the rise of Napoleon Bonaparte create upheaval across Europe?
• What were the temporary and lasting effects of the French Revolution?
Questions ( give specific examples to support your statements )
1. Describe and explain using chronological order the events and stages of the French Revolution. Explain why the French Revolution turned to violence and eventually a dictatorship. (Be specific and give at least three examples)
2. Describe and explain the rise of Napoleon to power in France. Explain some of Napoleons lasting effects and why he is such a significant figure on the historical landscape.
3. Describe and explain the events after Napoleon’s losses at Leipzig and Waterloo. Describe the participants and explain the events of the Congress of Vienna. Why did the European leaders want to turn back the clock on representative government?