Study Guide for Chapter 20 –Napoleon  Terms and People to Know

Ch 20 Sec1 (Pages 666-676)
The Directory   royalists  coup d'etat    Corsica   Toulon   Treaty of Campo Formio   Egypt   Admiral Horatio Nelson
Second Coalition   Crimea  Treaty of Kuchuk-Kainardji   Abbe Sieyes    First Consul   Consulate
The Constitution of the Year VIII   plebiscite  Treaty of Luneville   Treaty of Amiens   Baden  Duke of Enghien
Charles Maurice de Tallyrand-Perigord  Catholic Concordat   Pope Pius VII   Organic Articles of 1802  Consul for Life
Civil Code of 1804 - Napoleonic Code    Emperor Napoleon I   Haiti    Louisiana   William Pitt the Younger
The Third Coalition   Lord Nelson  Battle of Trafalgar   Battle of Ulm  Battle of Austerlitz  The Confederation of the Rhine Emperor Francis II
Francis I of Austria    Battle of Jena    The Berlin Decrees   The Continental System
Battle of Friedland    Tsar Alexander I   Treaty of Tilsit  The Milan Decree of 1807  Peninsular Campaign     

Ch 20 Sec2 (pages 676-681)
Immanuel Kant   Gotthold Lessing   Frederick William III    Junkers   Baron Vom Stein   Count von Hardenberg
Joseph Bonaparte   guerilla warfare   Sir Arthur Wellesley   Duke of Wellington   Battle of Wagram   Peace of Schonbrunn
Duchess Marie Louis   Josephine de Beauharnais  Grand Duchy of Warsaw   Annexation of Holland   Marshall Bernadotte  Charles XIV of Sweden  Napoleon's Grande Army   "scorched earth policy"   General Kutuzov   Battle of Borodino
Prince Klemens von Metternich  The Fourth Coalition   Battle of Dresden   Battle of Leipzig  Battle of Nations  Elba                 

Ch 20 Sec3 (pages 681-688
Robert Stewart, Viscount Castlereigh   Treaty of Chaumont  Quadruple Alliance  The Congress of Vienna
Kingdom of the Netherlands  Belgium  Genoa    Piedmont   The Polish-Saxony Question   Marshall von Blucher
The Battle of Waterloo   The Hundred Days   Saint Helena   Holy Alliance   Romanticism  Sturm and Drang
Jean-Jacques Rousseau     Emile    Social Contract   Immanuel Kant   The Critique of Pure Reason
The Critique of Practical Reason   categorical imperative        

Ch 20 Sec4 (pages 688-703)
romantic   Thomas Warton    Johann Gottfried Herder   August Wilhelm von Schlegel
Lectures on Dramatic Art and Literature   Madame de Stael      Victor Hugo    Henri Beyle   Stendhal  Jean Racine
Samuel Taylor Coleridge   The Rime of the Ancient Mariner   William Wordsworth   Lyrical Ballads
Ode on Intimations of Immortality     The Prelude   Lord Byron    Childe Harold's Pilgrimage   Don Juan   Ludwig Tieck  William Lovell 
Schlegel Friedrich Schlegel   Lucinde     Johann Wolfgang von Goethe   The Sorrows of Young Werther
Faust   Methodism   John Wesley   Susannah Wesley   Holy Club    German Moravians  Charles Wesley
The Genius of Christianity   Viscount Francois Rene de Chateaubriand   Friedrich Schleiermacher
Speeches on Religion to its Cultured Despisers  J.G. Fichte   Johann Gottfried Herder
On the Knowing and Feelings of the Human Soul  Jakob and Wilhelm Grimm    Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
thesis  antithesis   synthesis The Phenomenology of Mind   Lectures on the Philosophy of History  Tales of the Crusaders
Sir Walter Scott  The Thousand and One Nights  Arabian Nights  Edward Fitzgerald
Rubaiyat of Omar Khayam of Nishapur  Thomas Carlyle   On Heroes and Hero-Worship   Description of Egypt

Ideas to remember
• What exactly was the Constitution of the Year VIII and how did it secure power for Napoleon?  How well did this constitution work? Why and how did Napoleon change it later? What was the ultimate source of Napoleon's power?
• "Napoleon was no military genius. His victories depended on the weakness and disorganization of his enemies rather than upon his skills as a general." Comment on this statement. Do you agree or disagree? Be specific in your examples.
• Who were the principal personalities and what were the most important problems of the Congress of Vienna? What were the results and why were they significant?
• What were the different areas included in Napoleon's realm? How did Napoleon rule his empire? Did his administration show foresight or did the empire ultimately become a burden which he could not afford?
• Some have said that the greatness of Napoleon was dependent, not on his abilities, but rather on the success of his propaganda. What image did Napoleon want to project of himself, his laws and his empire? Pay special attention here to the art of the period. Why was Napoleon so popular in France? Consider both his foreign and domestic policies.