Study Guide for Chapter 17 - The Enlightenment and the American Revolution     Terms and People to Know

Ch 17 Sec 1 (pgs 542 – 549)
Natural Law    Immanuel Kant   The Critique of Pure Reason    Enlightenment   Thomas Hobbes      John Locke    Leviathan 
social contract   natural rights    Two Treatises on Government     Thomas Jefferson    philosophes
Baron de Montesquieu   The Spirit of the Laws      legislative   executive    judicial     Voltaire

Letters on the English     Denis Diderot    Encyclopedia      Jean Jacques Rousseau      The Social Contract
The General Will     Germaine de Stael   Catherine Macaulay     Mary Wollstonecraft
A Vindication of the Rights of Women   physiocrats     laissez faire   free market    Adam Smith  
The Wealth of Nations

Ch 17 Sec 2 (pgs 550 - 556)
Censorship    Persian Letters     Candide     salons     Madame Geoffrin     Rue St. Honore
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart    baroque    rococo    Johann Sebastian Bach    George Frideric Handel
Water Music   Daniel Defoe    Robinson Crusoe    Pamela     Samuel Richardson      enlightened despots
Frederick the Great    Catherine the Great    Joseph II ( Austria)       La Scala

Ch 17 Sec 3 (pgs 557 – 569)
Common Sense     Thomas Paine      Act of Union 1707    George III    The Thirteen Colonies     The Sugar Act     The Stamp Act    Boston Massacre         Boston Tea Party      Continental Congress    John Adams    George Washington    Lexington and Concord   James Madison   Benjamin Franklin   Declaration of Independence   popular sovereignty     Loyalists    Valley Forge    checks and balances
Treaty of Paris ( 1781)     Yorktown, Virginia      The Articles of Confederation   The United States Constitution    Federal Republic
The Bill of Rights

Ideas to understand
   How were the ideas of government and the economy linked to the Enlightenment and the Scientific
    
Revolution?
   How did the ideas of the Enlightenment affect government, the arts, and people’s daily lives?
   Why and how did Britain emerge as a global power in the 1700s?
   What were the new political institutions and political parties that emerged in Britain in th 1700s.

   How were the 13 English colonies part of a global empire and why did they eventually resent British rule?
   How did the ideas of the Enlightenment  influence the Americas and what was the global impact of the American Revolution?

Essay Questions ( give specific examples to support your statements )
1.     
Describe and explain the ideas of the Enlightenment and the European political thinkers, their works, and how they influenced the world. ( Be specific and support your statements with facts )
2.     
Describe and explain the ideas of the Enlightenment and the affects it had on daily life, political leaders, and the arts. (Be specific and give at least three examples)
3.     
Describe and explain the role the Enlightenment had on the American Revolution and the events leading to the birth of the republic.