Study Guide for Chapter 17 - The Enlightenment and the American Revolution Terms and People to Know
17 Sec 1 (pgs 542 – 549)
Natural Law Immanuel Kant The Critique of Pure Reason Enlightenment Thomas Hobbes John Locke Leviathan
social contract natural rights Two Treatises on Government Thomas Jefferson philosophes
Baron de Montesquieu The Spirit of the Laws legislative executive judicial Voltaire
Letters on the English Denis Diderot Encyclopedia Jean Jacques Rousseau The Social Contract
The General Will Germaine de Stael Catherine Macaulay Mary Wollstonecraft
A Vindication of the Rights of Women physiocrats laissez faire free market Adam Smith The Wealth of Nations
17 Sec 2 (pgs 550 - 556)
Censorship Persian Letters Candide salons Madame Geoffrin Rue St. Honore
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart baroque rococo Johann Sebastian Bach George Frideric Handel
Water Music Daniel Defoe Robinson Crusoe Pamela Samuel Richardson enlightened despots
Frederick the Great Catherine the Great Joseph II ( Austria) La Scala
17 Sec 3 (pgs 557 – 569)
Common Sense Thomas Paine Act of Union 1707 George III The Thirteen Colonies The Sugar Act The Stamp Act Boston Massacre Boston Tea Party Continental Congress John Adams George Washington Lexington and Concord James Madison Benjamin Franklin Declaration of Independence popular sovereignty Loyalists Valley Forge checks and balances
Treaty of Paris ( 1781) Yorktown, Virginia The Articles of Confederation The United States Constitution Federal Republic
The Bill of Rights
• How were the ideas of government and the economy linked to the Enlightenment and the Scientific
• How did the ideas of the Enlightenment affect government, the arts, and people’s daily lives?
• Why and how did Britain emerge as a global power in the 1700s?
• What were the new political institutions and political parties that emerged in Britain in th 1700s.
• How were the 13 English colonies part of a global empire and why did they eventually resent British rule?
• How did the ideas of the Enlightenment influence the Americas and what was the global impact of the American Revolution?
Questions ( give specific examples to support your statements )
1. Describe and explain the ideas of the Enlightenment and the European political thinkers, their works, and how they influenced the world. ( Be specific and support your statements with facts )
2. Describe and explain the ideas of the Enlightenment and the affects it had on daily life, political leaders, and the arts. (Be specific and give at least three examples)
3. Describe and explain the role the Enlightenment had on the American Revolution and the events leading to the birth of the republic.