Study Guide for Chapter 16 –Society and Economy Under the Old Regime (1700-1799)  Terms and People to Know

Ch16 Sec1 (Pages 512-519)

Old Regime  guilds   House of Lords    House of Commons   nobles of the sword   nobles of the robe   hobereaux
Taille   vingtieme  corvees    szlachta   Prince Esterhazy    Table of Ranks   Empresss Anna   Peter III
Charter of the Nobilty  Catherine the Great    aristocratic resurgence   banalites   seigneurs    robot      barshchina
cift       Pugachev’s rebellion    Emelyan Pugachev    Game Laws      poaching    Gentry    higglers   

 Ch16 Sec2 (pages 519-526)
family economy   domestic economy   neolocalism   servant   dowry    childbirth    puerperal fever    wet nurse   infanticide
Paris Foundling Hospital    London Foundling Hospital        

 Ch16 Sec3 (pages 526-539)
Agricultural Revolution    dikes   windmills    clover   turnips    Cornelius Vermuyden   Jethro Tull 
Charles "Turnip" Townsend   Robert Bakewell   Arthur Young   Annals of Agriculture   British Board of Agriculture
Enclosure Movement    Elbe River    maize (corn)  potato   Industrial Revolution   flax   consumerism   Josiah Wedgwood
Newspapers   textiles   domestic   putting out - system of textile production   The Spinning Jenny   John Kay  Flying Shuttle
James Hargreaves    Richard Arkwright   Water Frame   Edmund Cartwright  powered loom   James Watt   steam engine
Thomas Newcomen    Matthew Boulton   John Wilkinson   coke   Henry Cort   Francis Wheatley    Priscilla Wakefield     

 Ch16 Sec4 (pages 539-549)
Paris  Milan  Venice  Naples   urbanization    Jan De Vries   William Hogarth   oligarchy   miasma    bourgeoisie  artisans   guilds   apprentice   journeyman    master    urban riot  Lord George Gordon  Gordon Riots   ghettos   "court Jews"    Samuel Oppenheimer     

Ideas to remember
• What were the varied privileges and powers of Europe’s aristocracies in the Old Regime and their efforts to increase their wealth.
• What was the plight of the rural European peasants?
• What was the European family structure and the family economy like in the 18th centiury.
  What caused urban growth and the social tensions that accompanied it.
• What were the strains on the institutions of the Old Regime brought about by social change.