Study Guide for Chapter 13 - The Renaissance and Reformation  Terms and People to Know 

Sec 1. (pgs 407-417)
Giorgio Vasari    Lives of the Most Eminent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects  Pico della Mirandola  Humanism    humanities    Francesco Petrarch  Florence      Lorenzo the Magnificent     Medici   patron
"Sonnets to Laura"        perspective      Filippo Brunelleschi      Donatello      Leonardo da Vinci        Michelangelo        Raphael      Baldassare Castiglione   Niccolo Machiavelli          "The Prince"                         

Sec 2. (pgs 418-422)

Johann Gutenberg       printing press    Flanders     Jan and Hubert van Eyck     Pieter Bruegel
Peter Paul Reubens    Albrecht Durer    engraving   vernacular     Desiderius Erasmus  “In Praise of Folly”
Sir Thomas Moore    “Utopia”    utopian    Francois Rabelais    William Shakespeare   Globe Theatre 

Sec 3. ( pgs. 423-427)
Protestant Reformation      Papal Estates    indulgences    John Wycliffe    Martin Luther   Wittenberg   Johann Tetzel     Leo X    Charles V    Diet of Worms   recant   The Peasant’s Revolt    The Peace of Augsburg      John Calvin      Geneva      predestination    theocracy     Calvinists      Huguenots    Presbyterians  John Knox

Sec 4. (pgs. 428-433)
Sects  Anabaptists      Henry VIII (England)     Mary Tudor   annul   Thomas Cromwell   Thomas Cramner       Mary Tudor    Anne Boleyn      Elizabeth I    Edward VI       "Book of Common Prayer"     compromise The Catholic Reformation     Council of Trent    The Inquisition    The Index of Forbidden Books    Ignatius of Loyola ( Jesuits )    St. Teresa of Avila      ghetto ( Jews )

Sec 5. ( pgs. 434-443)

Nicolaus Copernicus    Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres    heliocentric   Tycho Brahe
Johannes Kepler    Galileo Galilei   Francis Bacon       Rene Descartes   Discourse on Method
Andreas Vesalius   Ambroise Pare     William Harvey     Anton van Leeuwenhoek   Robert Boyle
Isaac Newton        gravity    calculus   

Ideas to remember

• Why did the Renaissance begin in Italy? Who were the leading artists, sculptors, etc.
• How was the Northern Renaissance differ from the Italian Renaissance? Who were the leading scultors, writers, artists in the North?
What were the causes and effects of the Protestant Reformation?
  How and where did the Protestant Reformation spread? ( England, France, Netherlands)
  What effect did the printing press have on the spread the Reformation.

  What did the Catholic church do in response to the Reformation?
   Describe and explain the Scientific Revolution in Europe? Who were some the great thinkers of the Scientific Revolution?

 Essay Questions ( give specific examples to support your statements )( Any 2 essays)

1.      Describe and explain the Renaissance in Italy and in Northern Europe. Give at least three examples from each of art or literature and the artists reponsible for these achievments. 

2.      Explain how the Renaissance led to the Reformation and explain the causes and effects of the Protestant Reformation and what the Catholic Church tried to do to stop the Protestant growth.

3.      Describe and explain with examples the Scientific Revolution in Europe.( 1543-1687)