Study Guide for Chapter 9 – The Late Middle Ages  (Social and Political Breakdown)       Terms and People to Know
Sec 1.   pgs 290 - 296
The Hundred Years' War   Flanders    Estates General     Edward III       John II ( of France)    Etienne Marcel   Jacquerie  
Richard II ( England)  John Ball  Wat Tyler   Henry V  Treaty of Troyes  Charles VI    Henry VI  Charles VII   Joan of Arc  Orleans  Calais

Sec 2.  pgs 296 - 301 
Three-field system    Black Death   Boccaccio   Decameron     Flagellants     pogroms    Peasants Revolt   taille
Sec 3.   pgs  302 - 308
Frederick II     Louis IX    Council of Lyons      Michael Palaeologus    Innocent III     plenitude of power  Urban IV   Rota Romana  
Cathars   Waldensians    Saint Francis of Assisi    Charles of Anjou    Gregory X    Boniface VIII

Henry III  and Edward I of England    Philip IV    Clericis laicos     Colonnas   Gaetani   Celestine V  “Jubilee year”
Bernard Saisset   Unam Sanctam    Guillame de Nogaret    Clement V      Avignon      Annates   Benefice    Clement VI
Pope John XXII     Louis IV ( H.R.E)     William of Ockham    Marsilius of Padua    ( Defender of the Peace) 
Papal Curia   Benedict XII      Pragmatic Sanction of Bourges     Lollards   Hussites    John Huss    John Wycliffe
Donatism    Jerome of Prague    
Sec 4.    pgs 308 - 315
Pope Gregory XI     Babylonian Captivity     Urban VI     The Great Schism     Clement VII   Conciliar theory    The Council of Pisa   
Council of Constance       Council of Basel    Prince Vladimir of Kiev     Yaroslav the Wise      boyars    Mongol Rule   Ghengis Khan  
Batu Khan  The Golden Horde    Duke Dimitri of Moscow   Ivan III (The Great)

Ideas to understand
   What were the causes and effects of the Hundred Years' War? What advantages did each side have?   
   What was the impact of the Black Death on Europe and why did it spread so rapidly?
   What were the struggles that occurred in the Middle Ages between the Catholic Church and Secular Rulers?
   In what ways did the culture of the Middle Ages flourish in towns and cities?
   What were the results of the spread of patriotism throughout western Europe ?
   How was the temporal power of the church challenged and weakened?