Study Guide for Chapter 30 – The Cold War and the Emergence of New Europe            Terms and People to Know
Ch 30 Sec1 (Pages 1036-1047)
Cold War   Vyacheslav Molotov   “Iron Curtain”  containment   Truman Doctrine   The Marshall Plan  George C. Marshall
Christian Democrats   Communist Information Bureau  Cominform   Jan Masaryk   Thomas Masaryk   Edvard Benes   Marshal Josip Tito   Berlin Blockade  German Airlift   Allied Control Commission   German Federal Republic  German Democratic Republic 
Treaty of Brussels   North Atlantic Treaty Organization  NATO  Council of Mutual Assistance  COMECON   The Warsaw Pact  
Fidel Castro   Israel    British Balfour Declaration    Theodor Herzl   Chaim Weizmann  Mandate   League of Nations   Yishuv   Palestine   The U.N. Resolution  David Ben-Gurion    Jerusalem   Korean War   38th Parallel   Democratic People’s Republic of Korea   Republic of Korea   Mao Tse-Tung ( Mao Zedong)  People’s Republic of China   Dwight D. Eisenhower   
 
Ch 30 Sec2 (pages 1047-1052)
Presidium    Nikitia Khrushchev   Boris Pasternak  Dr. Zhivago   Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn 
One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich   Twentieth Congress of the Communist Party  De-stalinization  Gamal Abdel Nasser  
Anglo-French Intervention   Polish Communist Party  Wladyslaw Gomulka  Hungarian Communist Party Imre Nagy 
Janos Kadar   “peaceful coexistence”  Sputnik   Paris Summit Conference  U-2 Plane   Gary Powers  John F. Kennedy   Vienna Conference  
Berlin Wall   Cuban Missile Crisis   Flugencio Batista    Nuclear Test Ban Treaty   Alexei Kosygin

Leonid Brezhnev   Alexander Dubcek  “ Prague Spring”    Brezhnev Doctrine      

Ch 30 Sec3 (pages 1052-1061)
United Nations  decolonization  colonialism  Indonesia   Belgian Congo   Mozambique and Angola  Rhodesia 
South Africa    Mohandas Gandhi   Indian National Congress  Muslim League   Henry David Thoreau  
Dr. Martin Luther King    Ali Jinnah   Pakistan   East Pakistan  Bangladesh   Kashmir  East Timor   Burma(Myanmar)
Sri Lanka(Ceylon)  Ghana(Gold Coast)   Charles X  Algeria  pieds noirs  Black Feet  Setif  National Liberation Front 
Fourth French Republic   General Charles de Gaulle   Fifth French Republic   OAS(Organisation Armee Secrete)
Mohammed Ben Bella   Ho Chi Minh   Viet Minh   People’s Republic of China    Dien Bien Phu  17th paralell  Hanoi
Saigon  Southeast Asia Treaty Organization   Ngo Dinh Diem   National Liberation Front   Viet Cong   Dwight Eisenhower
John F. Kennedy    Geneva Accords   Nguyen Van Thieu   Lyndon Johnson   Gulf of Tonkin Resolution  Vietnamization  Richard Nixon        
 
Ch 30 Sec4 (pages  1061-1081)
Christian Democratic Parties   Clement Attlee  Margaret Thatcher    Marshall Plan   European Coal and Steel Community
Benelux   European Economic Community   Common Market    The Treaty of Maastricht   Euro   European Union   Brussels 
European Parliament   Helsinki Accords   Andrei Sakharov   détente  Gerald Ford    Jimmy Carter  Afghanistan Karol Wojtyla 
Pope John Paul  Gdansk Solidarity  Lech Walesa General Wojciech Jaruzelski  Ronald Reagan  Strategic Defense Initiative ( Star Wars) 
Mikhail S. Gorbachev   Yuri Andropov  Constantin Chernenko  perestroika  glasnost   Congress of People’s Deputies  Supreme Soviet

Janos Kadar  Helmut Kohl   European Economic Community (EEC)  Vaclav Havel  Civic Forum   Alexander Dubcek
Nicolae Ceausescu  Tiananmen Square  Central Committee  Boris Yeltsin August Coup  Chechnya Vladimir Putin  Marshall Tito
Slobodan Milosevic  Franjo Tudjman  Dayton Peace Accord  Kosovo   
 
Ideas to remember
•How did Europe come to be dominated by the two superpowers after 1945? Trace the stages of the Cold War. Why were 1956 and 1962 particularly crucial years? How strong an alliance is NATO today?
•How would you define the policy of "containment"? Give some specific examples of how this policy was instituted by the United States throughout the world from 1945 to 1989?
• Discuss the following incidents as crucial examples of the Cold War: Berlin Airlift; Truman Doctrine; Marshall Plan; Suez Canal Crisis; Cuban Missile Crisis; Dien Bien Phu. Which do you think was the quintessential example of Cold War confrontation and why?
• After World War II, Europe "achieved unprecedented economic prosperity and maintained liberal democratic governments." How did Western Europe move toward political and economic unity?
• Discuss the collapse of Yugoslavia and the civil war between the many ethnic factions present. Why did war break out and who were the aggressors? How have matters been resolved? What forces still threaten political stability?
• Trace the stages of decolonization. Why did the nations of Europe give up their empires? Was the retreat orderly?
•Discuss the interrelationship of decolonization and the Cold War in Vietnam. Why did the United States fail there? What was the effect of the Vietnam War on Europe?
•Trace the collapse of communism in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union. How important was Gorbachev in transforming the political and economic atmosphere of the Soviet Union? Why did he fail? How did things change under Boris Yeltsin? What problems still face Russia today?