Study Guide for Chapter 28 – Europe and the Great Depression   Terms and People to Know
Ch 28 Sec1 (Pages 965-969)
The Dawes Plan   Wall Street Crash 1929    Kreditanstalt  The Young Plan    Herbert Hoover   The Lausanne Conference
The Great Depression   The Keynesian Theory    John Maynard Keynes   General Theory of Employment, Interest, and Money           

 
Ch 28 Sec2 (pages 969-977)
Ramsay MacDonald  Labour Party   George V   The National Government   Import Duties Bill   Stanley Baldwin  
Neville Chamberlain  Sir Oswald Mosley    British Union of Fascists   anti-Semitism    Action Francaise   Croix de Feu  
Stavisky Affair   Serge Stavisky   Edouard Daladier   French Socialists   Leon Blum  Jean Jaures    Comintern   Popular Front  
National Wheat Board   Radical Government   National Socialists   Weimar Republic   President von Hindenburg  
Heinrich Bruning    Reichstag   Article 48   Storm Troopers SA    Franz von Papen   General Kurt von Schleicher 
Adolf Hitler   Reichstag Fire    The Enabling Act   February Emergency Decree   Ernst Roehm   German SS or Schutzstaffe
Heinrich Himmler   Nuremberg Laws   Kristallnacht   The Final Solution  
 
Ch 28 Sec3 (pages 977-983)
Holocaust   antinatalism  Hermann Goring   Labor Front    Pontine Marshes   corporatism   Italian Chamber of Deputies
Chamber of Corporations   
 
Ch 28 Sec4 (pages  983-992)
The Party Congress   Five Year Plans   State Planning Commission  Gosplan   collectivization  Collectives  blat  
Lincoln Steffens   Beatrice and Sidney Webb  Politburo   Great Purges   Sergei Kirov   show trials  Old Bolsheviks  
 
Ideas to remember
• Explain the causes of the Depression of the 1930's. Why was it so much more severe and longer-lasting than previous depressions?
  Could it have been avoided?

• Account for the relative successes of Britain's National Government and France's Popular Front in dealing with their respective economic
  problems. Why were the British so much more successful?

• How did the Depression affect Germany? Discuss Hitler's rise to power between 1929 and 1934. Why was he successful?  Was his dictatorship
   inevitable? Was his success due more to personalities than to impersonal forces?

• Discuss Hitler's economic policies. Why were they successful? Compare and contrast his economic policies with those used in Britain, Italy and France. Why were some nations more successful than others?
• What are the characteristics of a "police state"? How necessary is terror and intimidation in the consolidation of an authoritarian regime? How did Hitler, Mussolini, and Stalin use terror to achieve their goals?
• Discuss the policy of anti-Semitism in the Nazi state. How important was it as a unifier of the Nazi movement? What were the Nuremberg Laws of 1935? How can Kristallnacht in 1938 be seen as a part of Nazi policy?
•What was the Nazi regime's view of women and their place in German society? How did these attitudes stand in direct contrast to the social changes that had occurred in Germany and throughout Europe in the first three decades of the 20th century? How did the concept of motherhood differ in Germany, Italy, or the Soviet Union?
•Why did Stalin decide that Russia had to industrialize rapidly? Why did this require the collectivization of agriculture? What obstacles stood in the way of collectivization and how did Stalin overcome them?
Essays
1.       Compare and contrast the post war histories of France and Great Britain and their respective governments. How did each react to the Great Depression  (be specific)
2.       Compare and Contrast the Nazi government in Germany with the Fascist government in Italy. What were their economic policies, domestic policies, How did each country regard women?
3.   Describe and explain Stalin's policies towards agriculture and industry after World War I. How was Stalin able to overcome the obstacles to his plans? (Be specific)