Study Guide for Chapter 26 –Imperialism, Alliances and War   Terms and People to Know
Ch 26 Sec1 (Pages 884-892)
New Imperialism  Imperialism  J.A. Hobson  John Bull  Joseph Chamberlain  D.K. Fieldhouse  Open Door Policy 
The Monroe Doctrine  protectorate       
 
Ch 26 Sec2 (pages 892-898)
Three Emperor's League  Russo-Turkish War   Pan-Slavic Movement  Treaty of San Stefano   jingoism 
The Congress of Berlin  The Dual Alliance  The Reinsurance Treaty   William II   General Leo von Caprivi 
The Triple Alliance   Paul Kruger  Admiral Alfred von Tirpitz  The Boer War   The Entente Cordial  Russo-Japanese War
Prince Bernhard von Bulow  Sir Edward Grey   The First Morroccan Crisis 
 
Ch 26Sec3 (pages 898-909)
The Young Turks   The Bosnian Crisis  The Second Morroccan Crisis   Panther   Agadir  The First Balkan War  
The Second Balkan War   Albania   Emperor Francis Joseph   Francis Ferdinand   Gavrilo Princip  Union or Death 
The Black Hand  Conrad  von Hotzendorf  Count Stefan Tisza  Chancellor Theobald von Bethmann-Hollweg   "blank check"  Schlieffen Plan   Belgium  Alfred von Schlieffen   Helmuth von Moltke    Erich Ludendorff   Paul von Hindenburg 
Battle of Tannenberg   Italia irredenta   Colonel T.E. Lawrence   Winston Churchill  General Erich von Flakenhayn Verdun
Henri Petain  U-Boats  Lusitania  President Woodrow Wilson   Battle of Jutland  
The Jewish State                           
 
Ch 26 Sec4 (pages  909-923)
The Russian Revolution  Nicholas II   Petrograd  Constitutional Democrats  Menshevik  Alexander Kerensky  V.I. Lenin 
Leon Trotsky  Constituent Assembly  Red Army   Treaty of Brest-Litovsk  White Russians  Battle of Caporetto 
Prince Max of Baden   Fourteen Points  Woodrow Wilson   The Great War   Sherif Hussein   Mandates  
Mustafa Kemal ( Ataturk)   Treaty of Laussane   David Lloyd George   Georges Clemenceau   Vittorio Emanuele Orlando  Big Four  Paris Peace Conference   Treaty of Versailles  The League of Nations   League Council   The Covenant of the League 
Alsace and Lorraine   Saar Valley   reparations   war guilt clause  Philipp Scheidmann  Catholic Center Party 
John Maynard Keynes   The Economic Consequences of Peace        
 
Ideas to remember
• To what areas of the world did Europe extend its power after 1870? How and why did European attitudes towards imperialism change after 1870? What features differentiate the New Imperialism from previous imperialistic moments? What features do they have in common?
• Discuss three different theories of the motivation of the New Imperialism. Which theory is closest to the truth? Can it be applied to all the major imperialist countries?
• What role in the world did Bismarck envisage for the new Germany after 1871? How successful was he in carrying out his vision? Why? What was Bismarck's attitude towards colonies? Was he wise to tie Germany to Austria-Hungary?
• For all their elegance, the foreign policies of Bismarck contained a fatal flaw: only Bismarck could make them work. Therefore, these policies are not worthy of praise." Evaluate this statement, making sure that you describe the main features of Bismarck's policy. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
• Why and in what stages did Britain abandon its policy of "splendid isolation" at the turn of the century? Were the policies it pursued instead wise ones, or should Britain have followed a different course?
• How did developments in the Balkans lead to the outbreak of the war? What was the role of Serbia? Austria? Russia? What was the aim of German policy in July 1914? Did Germany want a general war?
•Why was Lenin successful in establishing the rule of the Bolsheviks? What role did Trotsky play? Was Lenin right in taking Russia out of the war?
•Assess the settlement of Versailles. What were its good points? bad points? Was the peace too harsh or too conciliatory? Could it have ensured peace in Europe? How might it have been improved?