Study Guide for Chapter 24 –The Building of European Supremacy Terms and People to Know
Ch 24 Sec1
Second Industrial Revolution Henry Bessemer The Solway process Leblanc Gottlieb Daimler Henry Ford Standard Oil British Shell Royal Dutch Petroleum London Great Exhibition Crystal Palace W.H. Smith Krupp petite bourgeoisie
Ch 24 Sec2
Napoleon III Georges Haussmann Bois de Boulogne The Paris Opera The Metro The Eiffel Tower
Basilica of the Sacred Heart cholera Louis Rene Villerme
Tableau de l'etat phyisque et moral des ouvriers ( Catalog of the Physical and Moral State of Workers) Edwin Chadwick
Report on the Sanitary Condition`of the Labouring Population Rudolf Virchow Albert Embankment
The Public Health Act of 1848 Melun Act of 1851 Louis Pasteur Robert Koch Joseph Lister A.V. Huber Jules Simon
Ch 24 Sec3
Married Woman's Property Act Court of Matrimonial Causes University of Zurich University of London Cambridge and Oxford Sorbonne typewriter telephone exchange a putting out system prostitution The Cult of Domesticity
Mary Wollstonecraft The Vindication of the Rights of Women John Stuart Mill Harriet Taylor The Subjection of Women
Millicent Fawcett National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies Emmeline Pankhurst Christabel and Sylvia Pankhurst Women's Social and Political Union suffragettes Herbert Asquith Hubertine Auclert The National Council of French Women Marie Mauguet Union of German Women's Organizations German Social Democratic Party Weimar Republic
Ch 24 Sec4
Joseph II pogroms anti-Semitism Zionism Napoleon III The Third French Republic International Working Men's Association The First International Keir Hardie Labour Party Taff Vale Decision The Trades Union Congress The Fabian Society Sidney Webb Beatrice Webb H.G. Wells Graham Wallas George Bernard Shaw Joseph Chamberlain Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman Herbert Asquith David Lloyd George The National Insurance Act of 1911 Jean Jaures Jules Guesde Rene Waldeck-Rousseau Alexander Millerand The Second International Amsterdam Congress opportunism The Confederation Generale du Travail Georges Sorel Reflections on Violence The German Social Democratic Party SDP Ferdinand Lasalle Wilhelm Liebknecht August Bebel William I Reichstag Erfurt Program Karl Kautsky Eduard Bernstein Evolutionary Socialism Revisionism Alexander III Nicholas II Sergei Witte mir kulaks
Social Revolutionary Party The Constitutional Democratic Party Cadets zemstvos Russian Social Democratic Party Gregory Plekhanov
Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov Lenin What is to be Done? The London Congress Bolsheviks Mensheviks
Two Tactics of Social Democracy in the Bourgeois-Democratic Government Russo-Japanese War Port Arthur Father Gapon "Bloody Sunday" soviets Duma P.A. Stolypin Gregory Efimovich Rasputin
Ideas to remember
• How did the continent catch up to Great Britain's earlier industrial leadership? Why, in particular, was Germany so successful? What factors caused the new industrial growth?
• How and why did the middle class change in its political and social outlook before 1848 to its posture about 1875?
• What was the status of women in the second half of the 19th century? Why did they grow discontented with their lot? To what extent had they improved their position by 1914? What tactics did they use? Was the emancipation of women inevitable?
• Describe the main features of family life in the late 19th century and how did it differ from family life today? Why did European families get smaller during this period?
• Discuss the relationship of the labor movement and the socialist movement in any two of the following countries: Britain, France, Germany. In which country was the cooperation between the two closest? Least? Why?
• What was the status of the industrial proletariat in 1860? Had it improved by 1914? What caused the growth in trade unions and organized mass political parties? How did Europe's socialist movement respond to these administrations?
• Compare and contrast the views of Sidney Webb, Edward Bernstein and V.I. Lenin. If you were a European worker during this period, in which country would you want to live? Why?
•Assess the value of industrialism for Russia. Were the tsars wise in attempting to modernize their country or would they have been better off leaving it as it was?