Study Guide for Chapter 24 –The Building of European Supremacy   Terms and People to Know

Ch 24 Sec1 (Pages 814-820)
Second Industrial Revolution  Henry Bessemer   The Solway process  Leblanc   Gottlieb Daimler  Henry Ford   Standard Oil   British Shell   Royal Dutch Petroleum    London Great Exhibition   Crystal Palace   W.H. Smith  Krupp   petite bourgeoisie

Ch 24 Sec2 (pages 820-824)
Napoleon III  Georges Haussmann  Bois de Boulogne  The Paris Opera  The Metro  The Eiffel Tower
Basilica of the Sacred Heart  cholera  Louis Rene Villerme
Tableau de l'etat phyisque et moral des ouvriers ( Catalog of the Physical and Moral State of Workers)  Edwin Chadwick
Report on the Sanitary Condition`of the Labouring Population   Rudolf Virchow  Albert Embankment
The Public Health Act of 1848  Melun Act of 1851  Louis Pasteur   Robert Koch   Joseph Lister  A.V. Huber  Jules Simon 

Ch 24 Sec3 (pages 824-834)
Married Woman's Property Act   Court of Matrimonial Causes    University of Zurich   University of London   Cambridge and Oxford  Sorbonne  typewriter  telephone exchange   a putting out system   prostitution   The Cult of Domesticity
Mary Wollstonecraft  The Vindication of the Rights of  Women  John Stuart Mill   Harriet Taylor   The Subjection of Women
Millicent Fawcett  National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies  Emmeline Pankhurst  Christabel and Sylvia Pankhurst  Women's Social and Political Union suffragettes   Herbert Asquith  Hubertine Auclert  The National Council of French Women  Marie Mauguet  Union of German Women's Organizations  German Social Democratic Party   Weimar Republic  

Ch 24 Sec4 (pages 834-851)
Joseph II pogroms anti-Semitism  Zionism  Napoleon III  The Third French Republic International Working Men's Association  The First International  Keir Hardie  Labour Party  Taff Vale Decision  The Trades Union Congress  The Fabian Society  Sidney Webb Beatrice Webb  H.G. Wells  Graham Wallas  George Bernard Shaw Joseph Chamberlain  Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman    Herbert Asquith  David Lloyd George  The National Insurance Act of 1911  Jean Jaures  Jules Guesde   Rene Waldeck-Rousseau    Alexander Millerand  The Second International  Amsterdam Congress  opportunism  The Confederation Generale du Travail  Georges Sorel  Reflections on Violence   The German Social Democratic Party  SDP  Ferdinand Lasalle  Wilhelm Liebknecht  August Bebel William I  Reichstag   Erfurt Program   Karl Kautsky  Eduard Bernstein    Evolutionary Socialism Revisionism Alexander III Nicholas II  Sergei Witte  mir  kulaks
Social Revolutionary Party    The Constitutional Democratic Party  Cadets   zemstvos Russian Social Democratic Party  Gregory Plekhanov
Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov  Lenin  What is to be Done?  The London Congress  Bolsheviks  Mensheviks
Two Tactics of Social Democracy in the Bourgeois-Democratic Government Russo-Japanese War  Port Arthur   Father Gapon  "Bloody Sunday"  soviets  Duma  P.A. Stolypin  Gregory Efimovich Rasputin   

Ideas to remember
• How did the continent catch up to Great Britain's earlier industrial leadership? Why, in particular, was Germany so successful? What factors caused the new industrial growth?
  How and why did the middle class change in its political and social outlook before 1848 to its posture about 1875?
• What was the status of women in the second half of the 19th century? Why did they grow discontented with their lot? To what extent had they improved their position by 1914? What tactics did they use? Was the emancipation of women inevitable?
• Describe the main features of family life in the late 19th century and how did it differ from family life today? Why did European families get smaller during this period?
• Discuss the relationship of the labor movement and the socialist movement in any two of the following countries: Britain, France, Germany. In which country was the cooperation between the two closest? Least? Why?
• What was the status of the industrial proletariat in 1860? Had it improved by 1914? What caused the growth in trade unions and organized mass political parties? How did Europe's socialist movement respond to these administrations?
• Compare and contrast the views of Sidney Webb, Edward Bernstein and V.I. Lenin. If you were a European worker during this period, in which country would you want to live? Why?
•Assess the value of industrialism for Russia. Were the tsars wise in attempting to modernize their country or would they have been better off leaving it as it was?