Study Guide for Chapter 23 –The Age of Nation States   Terms and People to Know

Ch 23 Sec1 (Pages 781-788)
The Crimean War   Moldavia  Walachia  Napoleon III  Nicholas I  Sevastopol  Treaty of Paris 1856  Concert of Europe  Gordon Craig  Hatt-i Sharif of Gulhane  Tanzimat  tax farming  Hatti-i Humayun  millet system  ulema   Balkan Wars   Young Turks  Central Powers  romantic republicanism  Carbonari
Giuseppi Mazzini   Yong Italy Society  Giuseppi Garibaldi   Roman Republic of 1849   Pius IX   Count Camillo Cavour   Piedmont-Sardinia
King Charles Albert   Victor Emmanuel II     Nationalist Society  Orsini  Nice   Savoy   " Red Shirts"  transformismo  Lateran Accord  Italia irredenta 

Ch 23 Sec2 (pages 788-796)
Zollverein   Frederick William IV   William I  Hohenzollern  Otto Von Bismarck   Junker  kleindeutsch  Schleswig-Holstein
German Confederation  Convention of Gastein  Seven Weeks War   Austro-Prussian War  Battle of Koniggratz
The Treaty of Prague  The North German Confederation   Bundesrat   Reichstag   The Franco-Prussian War  Isabella II
Prince Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen  Count Vincent Bendetti  Bad Ems  Ems Dispatch   Battle of Sedan
Hall of Mirrors at Versailles   Alsace and Lorraine  Napoleon III   Archduke Maximilian of Austria  The Second Empire
The Paris Commune  Adolphe Thiers  The Treaty of Frankfurt  Communards  The Third Republic  The Count of Chambord
Marshall MacMahon  General Georges Boulanger " The Dreyfus Affair"  Captain Alfred Dreyfus  Devil's Island  Emile Zola
"I' accuse" 

Ch 23 Sec3 (pages 796-801)
Francis Joseph   The October Diploma  Diets  February Patent  Reichsrat   Augsleich  Compromise of 1867
The Dual Monarchy   Francis Deak   trialsim      

Ch 23 Sec4 (pages 801-813)
Alexander II  The Emancipation Proclomation of 1861   zemstvos   Polish Rebellion of 1863  Tsar Liberator
Alexander Herzen   The Bell  populism  Land and Freedom   Vera Zasulich   The People's Will  Alexander III  Russification
Nicholas II   The Reform League  John Bright  Lord Russell  Lord Derby  Benjamin Disraeli  William Gladstone  patronage  The Ballot Act
Education Act   Richard Cross  The Public Health Act  Artisan Drilling Act  Home Rule  Church of Ireland
Irish Land League   Charles Stewart Parnell  Irish Party  Liberal Party  Liberal Unionists  Lord Salisbury  Home Rule Bill
House of Lords Act of 1911        

Ideas to remember
• Why did the Ottoman Empire attempt to reform itself betwen 1839 and 1914? How successful were these efforts?
  Why was it so difficult to unify Italy? What groups wanted unification? Why did Cavour succeed? What did Garibaldi contribute to Italian Unification?
• How and why did Bismarck unify Germany? Why had earlier attempts failed? How did German unification affect the rest of Europe?
• What events led to establishment of the Third Republic of France? How were foreign and domestic policies intertwined during the Second Empire? What were the objectives of the Paris Commune? How did the Dreyfus Affair affect the Third Republic?
• What problems did Austria share with other Eastern European empires? Were they resolved? Why did the Hapsburgs agree to the Compromise of 1867? Was it a success?
• What reforms did Alexander II institute in Russia? Did they solve Russia's domestic problems? Why did the abolition of serfdom not satisfy the peasants?
• How did the policies of the British Liberal and Conservative parties differ between 1860 and 1890? Why was Home Rule such a divisive issue in British politics?

Essays
1.      
Describe and explain the unification of Germany. How was Bismarck able to unify Germany and what problems occurred after Germany was united?(be specific)
2.      
Describe and explain the unification of Italy. How were Italian nationalists able to unify Italy and what problems did they encounter after unification?( be specific, support your statements with facts)

     3.      Compare and contrast the events that took place in the Austrian Empire to the Russian Empire and how the nationalist movement in the empires were forces that caused disunity as opposed to unity. What compromises were reached and why were they not effective? (Be Specific)