Study Guide for Chapter 21 –The Conservative Order and the Challenges of Reform  Terms and People to Know

Ch 21 Sec1 (Pages 706-710)
Nationalism   language uniformity  liberal   Benjamin Constant        

Ch 21 Sec2 (pages 710-716)
conservatism   Prince Klemens von Metternich   German Confederation   Frederick William III  War of Liberation
Prussian Council of State   Burschenschaften    anti-Semetism   Karl Sand    August von Kotzebue   Carlsbad Decrees
Lord Liverpool  Corn Law   Combination Acts   Poor Law   William Cobbett   Political Registrar   Major John Cartwright  Henry "Orator" Hunt 
Coercion Act of March 1817   The Peterloo Massacre   The Six Acts   Cato Street Conspiracy   Thistlewood    Louis XVIII   The Charter
Chamber of Deputies  Count of Artois   Duke of Berri  Electoral Laws                    

Ch 21 Sec3 (pages 716-724)
Concert of Europe    Aix-la Chapelle  Ferdinand VII of Spain   Cortes   Congress of Troppau   Protocol of Troppau 
Congress of Laibach  Congress of Verona  George Canning  Monroe Doctrine  Greek Revolution of 1821
Philhellenic Societies  Treaty of London  Treaty of Adrianople   Treaty of London II   Otto I    Karageorge   Milos
Toussaint L'Overture  Jean-Jacques Dessalines  mestizos  mullatos  croles  peninsulares  juntas   Rio de la Plata
Jose de San Martin   Bernardo O'Higgins Protector of Peru   Simon Bolivar   llaneros  Battle of Ayacucho  New Spain
Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla   Jose Maria Morelos y Pavon  Augustin de Iturbide  Joao VI of Brazil   Dom Pedro        

Ch 21 Sec4 (pages 724-741)
Tsar Alexander I  Tsar Paul   The Southern Society   Pestel   The Northern Society Constantine  Nicholas I   The Decembrist Revolt   Codification of Russian Law   Count S.S. Uvarov   Orthodoxy, Autocracy and Nationalism  Grand Duke Constantine  Organic Statute   Official Nationality  Louis XVIII   Charles X Primogeniture   Chamber of Deputies  Prince de Polignac   Orleanists  The July Revolution  The Four Ordinances   Louis Philippe  Algeria  William of Holland   Belgium    Lord Palmerston  Leopold of Saxe-Coburg  Convention of 1839   Serbia    George IV    William IV   The Great Reform Bill  Whigs  Lord Liverpool    Daniel O'Connell  Catholic Association  Robert Peel  The Duke of Wellington    The Catholic Emancipation Act   Earl Grey   "rotten boroughs"     

Ideas to remember
• What were the challenges presented by Nationalism and Liberalism in Europe after 1815?
  How did Conservatives react in Europe and what happened domestically in Prusia, Rusia, France, Great Britain, etc.? Be specific in your examples.
• What were the means used by European powers to suppress this new mood of nationalism and Republicnism?
• What countries were successful in their struggle for independence?
• What rebellions occurred in Europe and which ones were successful? Why were they successful or why were they not?
• Did the Great Reform Bill of 1832 change Great Britain politically? What other reform movements occurred in Great Britian?