Study Guide for Chapter 22 –Economic Advance and Social Unrest Terms and People to Know
22 Sec1 (Pages 742-750)
Ruhr and Saar basins Irish famine Stockton and Dalington Line proletarianization George Stepehenson "The Rocket" confection Chartism
Wiliam Lovett London Working Men's Association The Charter The Northern Star Feargus O'Conner
22 Sec2 (pages 750-757)
The English Factory Act of 1833 10 hour workday Louise Aston Sir Robert Peel bobbies hulks transportation
John Howard Elizabeth Fry Charles Lucas Auburn System Philadelphia System Pentonville Prison Devil's Island
22 Sec3 (pages 757-764)
Adam Smith Wealth of Nations laissez-faire Thomas Malthus David Ricardo
Essay on the Principle of Population Principle of Political Economy "iron law of wages" Harriet Martineau
Illustrations of Political Economy Louis Philippe Francois Guizot The July Monarchy Zollverein Friedrich List
Jeremy Bentham utilitarianism Fragment on Goevernment The Principles of Morals and Legislation Poor Law
Poor Law Commission Anti-Corn Law League Utopian Socialists Saint-Simonianism Count Claude Henri de Saint-Simon
technocracy Owenism Robert Owen New Lanark, Scotland New Harmony, Indiana Grand National Union
Charles Fourier Fourierism phalanxes Louis Blanc Organization of Labor anarchists Auguste Blanqui
Pierre-Joseph Proudhon What is Property? Marxism Karl Marx Rhineland Gazette Friedrich Engels
The Condition of the Working Class in England The Communist Manifesto communist Das Kapital ( Capital)
22 Sec4 (pages 764-777)
1848 Louis Philippe Guizot Alphonse de Lamartine Louis Blanc National Assembly General Cavaignac
Louis Napoleon Bonaparte Emperor Napoleon III Vesuvians Voix des femmes The Women's Voice Jeanne Deroin Pauline Roland
The Vienna Uprising Louis Kossuth Emperor Ferdinand The Magyar Revolt The March Laws Magyarization Count Joseph Jellachich
Francis Palacky Pan-Slavic Congress Pan-Slavism General Prince Alfred Windischgraetz General Count Joseph Wenzel Radetzky
King Charles Albert of Piedmont Francis Joseph I Prince Felix Schwarzenberg Piedmont-Austrian War Pius IX Count Pelligrino Rossi
Giuseppe Mazzini Giuseppe Garibaldi Battle of Novara Victor Emmanuel II Frederick William IV David Hansemann
Frankfurt Parliament Grossdeutsch kleindeutsch
• What is meant by the term laissez-faire? In the 1830's and 1840's, who were the leading proponents of this approach to economics? What other schools of thought developed and how did they differ?
• Why was England able to maintain the leading position in the industrialization of the early to mid-nineteenth century?
• How would you define socialism? Why did the movement come about, who were the major proponents and how successful were they in changing society?
• What was the essence of Marx's teaching? How did he differ from contemporary socialists? Why did his ideas become so popular? To what degree have Marx's predictions proved correct? Why have some of his predictions not come true?
• What factors, old and new, led to the widespread outbreak of revolution in 1848? Were the causes in the various countries essentially the same or did each have its own particular set of circumstances? What was the response to the revolutions? Why did they fail?
• Why did Britain not experience a revolution in 1848? Contrast developments in Britain with developments on the Continent between 1832 and 1848.?
• How did police change in the 19th century and why were new systems of enforcement instituted? In what ways were prisons reformed and how do you account for this movement?