Study Guide for Chapter 22 –Economic Advance and Social Unrest   Terms and People to Know

Ch 22 Sec1 (Pages 742-750)
Ruhr and Saar basins  Irish famine  Stockton and Dalington Line   proletarianization  George Stepehenson  "The Rocket"  confection  Chartism
Wiliam Lovett  London Working Men's Association  The Charter   The Northern Star  Feargus O'Conner        

Ch 22 Sec2 (pages 750-757)
The English Factory Act of 1833  10 hour workday  Louise Aston  Sir Robert Peel   bobbies    hulks   transportation
John Howard   Elizabeth Fry   Charles Lucas   Auburn System   Philadelphia System   Pentonville Prison  Devil's Island

Ch 22 Sec3 (pages 757-764)
Adam Smith    Wealth of Nations   laissez-faire    Thomas Malthus   David Ricardo
Essay on the Principle of Population   Principle of Political Economy   "iron law of wages"   Harriet Martineau
Illustrations of Political Economy   Louis Philippe   Francois Guizot   The July Monarchy   Zollverein   Friedrich List
Jeremy Bentham   utilitarianism   Fragment on Goevernment   The Principles of Morals and Legislation    Poor Law
Poor Law Commission  Anti-Corn Law League   Utopian Socialists  Saint-Simonianism  Count Claude Henri de Saint-Simon
technocracy  Owenism  Robert Owen   New Lanark, Scotland   New Harmony, Indiana   Grand National Union
Charles Fourier  Fourierism   phalanxes  Louis Blanc  Organization of Labor   anarchists   Auguste Blanqui
Pierre-Joseph Proudhon  What is Property?  Marxism   Karl Marx   Rhineland Gazette  Friedrich Engels
The Condition of the Working Class in England   The Communist Manifesto  communist  Das Kapital ( Capital)
bourgeoisie  proletariat                   

Ch 22 Sec4 (pages 764-777)
1848  Louis Philippe  Guizot   Alphonse de Lamartine  Louis Blanc   National Assembly   General Cavaignac
Louis Napoleon Bonaparte   Emperor Napoleon III   Vesuvians   Voix des femmes  The Women's Voice  Jeanne Deroin  Pauline Roland
The Vienna Uprising   Louis Kossuth   Emperor Ferdinand  The Magyar Revolt  The March Laws   Magyarization  Count Joseph Jellachich
Francis Palacky  Pan-Slavic Congress  Pan-Slavism  General Prince Alfred Windischgraetz   General Count Joseph Wenzel Radetzky
King Charles Albert of Piedmont    Francis Joseph I   Prince Felix Schwarzenberg   Piedmont-Austrian War    Pius IX   Count Pelligrino Rossi
Giuseppe Mazzini  Giuseppe Garibaldi  Battle of Novara  Victor Emmanuel II  Frederick William IV   David Hansemann
Frankfurt Parliament  Grossdeutsch    kleindeutsch       

Ideas to remember
• What is meant by the term laissez-faire? In the 1830's and 1840's, who were the leading proponents of this approach to economics? What other schools of thought developed and how did they differ?
  Why was England able to maintain the leading position in the industrialization of the early to mid-nineteenth century?
• How would you define socialism? Why did the movement come about, who were the major proponents and how successful were they in changing society?
• What was the essence of Marx's teaching? How did he differ from contemporary socialists? Why did his ideas become so popular? To what degree have Marx's predictions proved correct? Why have some of his predictions not come true?
• What factors, old and new, led to the widespread outbreak of revolution in 1848? Were the causes in the various countries essentially the same or did each have its own particular set of circumstances? What was the response to the revolutions? Why did they fail?
• Why did Britain not experience a revolution in 1848? Contrast developments in Britain with developments on the Continent between 1832 and 1848.?
• How did police change in the 19th century and why were new systems of enforcement instituted? In what ways were prisons reformed and how do you account for this movement?