Study Guide for Chapter 10 – A.P.Euro The`Renaissance  and Discovery    Terms and People to Know
Sec 1.   pgs 317-330
Renaissance           Humanism         Francesco Petrarch     Guelfs     Ghibelline   Milan      Florence     Venice     Papal States      The Kingdom of Naples     Council of Ten     grandi    popolo grosso    middle-burghers     popolo minuto     Ciompi Revolt     Cosimo de' Medici     Signoria    Lorenzo the Magnificent     condottieri      Visconti     Sforza     studia humanitatis    Leonardo  Bruni     Letters to the Ancient Dead   
"Sonnets to Laura"     Dante Alighieri    Divine Comedy    Giovanni Boccaccio     Decameron      Baldassare Castiglione  Book of the Courtier   
Christine de Pisan    Florentine Platonic Academy     Platonism    Pico della Mirandola   Oration on the Dignity of Man      Lorenzo Valla     Donation of Constantine   civic humanism      chiaroscuro      perspective    Giotto      Masaccio    Leonardo da Vinci   Raphael  School of Athens   Michelangelo Buonarroti    mannerism  

 Sec 2.  pgs 330 - 337 
The Treaty of Lodi    Ludovico il Moro     Alexander VI     Charles VIII     Girolamo Savonarola   
League of Venice    Louis XII     Lucrezia and Cesare Borgia    Ferdinand of Aragon    Julius II   
Desiderius Erasmus     Holy League 1511     Francis I     Hapsburg-Valois Wars     Niccolo Machiavelli
Machiavellian    “The Prince”  Leo X     Clement VII     Cortes     corregidores     gabelle     alcabala   Charles VII of France    Louis XI    
Charles the Bold    Maximilian I    Jacques Coeur 
Isabella and Ferdinand of Spain   Castile and Aragon   Mesta     Hermandad 
Tomas de Torquemada    conversos and moriscos   Cardinal Cisneros   Catherine of Aragon 
Christopher Columbus    War of the Roses     Richard III of England     Henry VII  ( Tudors)  
Court of the Star Chamber   The Golden Bull   Reichstag   
Sec 3.   pgs  337 -340
The Northern Renaissance    Printing Press   Joahann Gutenberg   Desiderius Erasmus    Colloquies   Adages  
The Praise of Folly   Index of Forbidden Books    Rudolf Agricola   Johann Reuchlin   Letters of Obscure Men
John Colet   Thomas More   Utopia     Act of Supremacy  John Calvin     Complutensian Polyglot Bible     
Sec 4.    pgs 340 - 351
Henry the Navigator    Bartholomeu Dias    Vasco da Gama   Columbus   Amerigo Vespucci  Ferdinand Magellan Martin Behaim    Olmecs    Mayas   Chavin    Aztecs    Incas    Tenochtitlan   Hernan Cortes   Moctezuma II  Francisco Pizarro   Atahualpa     Bartolome de las Casas     conquistadores  hacienda  peninsulares  creoles  encomienda    repartimiento    mita      debt peonage

Ideas to understand

• What is humanism? Describe key humanistic ideas within the contect of the Renaissance.
• Why did the Renaissance begin in Italy? Who were the leading artists, sculptors, writers etc.
  Why did the French invade Italy in 1494? How did this event trigger Italy's political decline.
• How did the Northern Renaissance differ from the Italian Renaissance? Who were the leading sculptors, writers, artists in the North?
• Discuss the rise of nation states from the perspective of  administrative bureaucracies, standing armies, and taxation.   
  How would you describe the concept, " Economy of Exploitation", that was imposed by the Spanish on the Native  
   Americans of Central and South America? What were the Spnish trying to achieve?