ANALYSIS SHEET FOR THE FRENCH AND RUSSIAN REVOLUTIONS

THE LOWER CLASSES UNDER THE OLD REGIME FRANCE RUSSIA BOTH
THE PEASANTS
Over 80% of the population - - x
Subjection to aristocracy - - x
Hostility to the aristocracy - - x
General loyality to the monarch initially x - -
Land hunger (population growth) - - x
High taxation (nobles resisted reform) - - x
Some Improvement in Previous Status - - x
Recent Crisis - - -
agrarian x - -
war - x -
Tradition of protest and riot - - x
Prior targets of bourgeoisie ideologists - x -
Crisis in domestic industry x - -
Recent revolutionary experiences - x -
Collective organizations (communes, mirs) - - x
Preponderance of army enlistees - - x
THE WORKERS
Small minority of population - - x
Dislocation of industrialization

(shift from craft to factory)

- - x
Concentration in major cities - - x
Crisis threatening food supply

(famine, war, hoarding)

- - x
Strong anti bourgeoisie feeling x - -
Tradition of riot and protest - - x
Tradition of organization - - -
long standing x - -
recent - x -
Prior targets of bourgeoisie idealogists - x -
Recent depression, unemployment. inflation - - x
Recent revolutionary experience - x -
LOWER CLASSES DURING THE REVOLUTIONARY YEAR - - -
PEASANTS
Spontaneous attacks on aristocracy and feudal system - - x
Redefination of people as a nation - - x
Demands for peace - -
Land - - x
Bread - - x
Anti-bourgeoisie or anti-capitalist actions - - x
Mobilization of bourgeoisie against common enemies - - x
Protest forcing the pace of the revolution - - x
Susceptable to fear and rumors - - x
Actions inspiring fear in bopurgeoisie x
Actions inspiring tension with town dwellers x - -
Early satisfaction of major demands, then essentially opposed to further revolution x - -
Mobilization for further revolution - x -
Patriotic response to foreign threats x - -
WORKERS
Early strikes, demonstrations, riots, crucial in igniting the revolution - - x
Overriding concern with food supply

(particularily with the women)

- - x
Impatience with pace of change of governing bodies - - x
Early organization into revolutionary bodies - - x
Extensive acquisition of arms - - x
Actions inspiring fear in the bourgeoisie - - x
Mobilization for continued revolution - - x
Focus on revolutionary ideology - x -
Patriotic response to foreign threats x - -